Venezuela

venezuela

National name: República Bolivariana de Venezuela
Total area: 912.050 sq km
Population (2009 est.): 26,814,843 (growth rate: 1.5%);
Birth rate: 20.6/1000; life expectancy: 73.6
Capital population (2003 est.): Caracas, 3,517,300 (metro. area), 1,741,400 (city proper)
Largest cities: Maracaibo, 1,889,000 (metro. area), 1,854,300 (city proper); Valencia, 1,515,400; Barquisimeto, 948,900
Monetary unit: Bolivar
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $334.6 billion; per capita $12,200.
Real growth rate: 8.4%
Inflation: 18.7%
Unemployment: 8.5%
Agriculture: corn, sorghum, sugarcane, rice, bananas, vegetables, coffee; beef, pork, milk, eggs; fish. Labor force: 12.37 million; services 64%, industry 23%, agriculture 13% (1997 est.)
Industries: petroleum, construction materials, food processing, textiles; iron ore mining, steel, aluminum; motor vehicle assembly. Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds
Exports: $69.23 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.): petroleum, bauxite and aluminum, steel, chemicals, agricultural products, basic manufactures
Imports: $28.81 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.): raw materials, machinery and equipment, transport equipment, construction materials
Ports and harbors: Amuay, Bajo Grande, El Tablazo, La Guaira, La Salina, Maracaibo, Matanzas, Palua, Puerto Cabello, Puerto la Cruz, Puerto Ordaz, Puerto Sucre, Punta Cardon


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